1000-year-old Rock Buddha Temple

Rock Buddha Temple lies in Town Fengqiao, a town in southeast Nanhu District. Town Fengqiao is outstanding for its long history and profound culture. Town Fengqiao was previously known as Fengjiaqiao. During the 8th year of Emperor Xianfeng's Reign in Qing Dynasty (A.D. 1858), Townsmen called Wu Jiaju, Xu Donghuang and so on raised funds to repair it and renamed it as Fengjieqiao. Since then, the reputation of Fengqiao is widely spread. In ancient time, Fengqiao belonged to Village Yongfeng, County Jiaxing and is 15 km away from the urban district. It is always popular with poets due to attractive sceneries and sincere locals. Starting from late Qing Dynasty, Fengqiao Gradually became a key town and economic center in southeast Jiaxing. During the Anti-Japanese War, the tenth district of Nationalist Party Anti-Japanese Guerrilla government and County Jiaxing Government was headquartered here and led the whole county to fight against Japanese.


Rock Buddha Temple lies in Town Fengqiao, Nanhu District, Jiaxing. The surrounding watercourse plus small bridges over flowing stream constitute its elegant temperament characteristic of regions south of the Yangtze River. The location of the Temple is also known as Plum Blossom Continent. It is divided into five pieces looking like a plum blossom and this is how its name originated. These 'petals' are surrounded by running water; therefore water became the soul of Rock Buddha Temple. You cannot fully enjoy the sceneries in Rock Buddha Temple without seeing the architectures. Only with an understanding of architectural layout along with a view of ancient landscapes, will you form a more vivid image of it.

Prehistoric cultural treasures stored
Rock Buddha Temple is one kilometer north of Town Fengqiao. According to current geomorphic conditions and unearthed cultural relics, like most prehistoric sites, Plum Blossom Continent Region must have gone through a developed culture period.
First, geographically, South Jiaxing where Rock Buddha Temple located is higher compared with district such as Jiashan and Pinghu. It contains numbers of mounds. For instance, there is White Grave Mound in the east of Rock Buddha Temple. There are Liu Mound and White Tiger Mound in the north plus Sheng Mound and Banshan in the south. Moreover, these mounds are not individual mounds but are connected into a cluster of mounds. For instance, White Grave Mound refers to general term of several high mounds centering the main mound as core. These groups of mounds have canal surrounded and water network covered. From the sight of archeology, all these conditions indicate that it is relic of prehistoric ancient village. Based on the analysis of experts, these mounds and canals aren't naturally formed but exhibiting many artificial marks which are typical earthwork pyramids in archeological sense. From unearthed cultural relics, White Grave Mound has unearthed relics from Majiabang Culture dating back to Spring and Autumn Warring States Period. Thus, there is no doubt that there are human beings living around Rock Buddha Temple. Judging from the size and coverage of the construction, the population of fossil human living here in prehistoric times is large.
Second, these clusters of mounds are within 2.5 kilometers away from Rock Buddha Temple. That is to say, Rock Buddha Temple is seated in the center of this prehistoric cultural site. To be more specific, the geographic and geomorphic conditions of Plum Blossom Continent are similar to White Grave Mound and Liu Mound. Furthermore, its characteristics of earthwork pyramid are more noticeable. Concerning to unearthed cultural relics, jade wares belongs to Liangzhu Culture have been discovered in Plum Blossom Continent. It is thus clear that Rock Buddha Temple Region has human living here four or five thousand years ago. They hunted here, fished here and made a bonfire here, lightening Jiaxing five thousand years ago!
It is sure that there are prehistoric cultural treasures lying under the Plum Blossom Continent.

Architecture of Rock Buddha Temple
Temple is one of China Buddha constructions. In the southern and northern dynasties era, there were massive constructions of temples taking place. According to the record of 'Luoyang Buddhist Temple', there existed more than one thousand temples inside and outside Luoyang, the capital of Northern Wei Dynasty. Tang Dynasty poet, Du Mu, exaggerated in his poem the number of temples in this area by estimating here were 480 temples, a picture of the prosperous Buddhism in the history.
The great amount of temples didn't affect their architectural style. The form of them remains consistent. In the middle of Rock Buddha Temple's frontage, there is gate to monastery. Inside it, there stand bell tower and drum tower respectively on the left and right. The Hall of Heavenly Kings is in front of it. Inside the hall, there exhibit statues of the Four Guardians. Behind it, there are the Mahavira Hall and Scriptorium in turn. Monk room and abstinence hall are placed on both sides of centric road. The Mahavira Hall is the most glorious construction among Buddhist architectures. The Mahavira refers to Buddha, Krishnamurti.
No matter Rock Buddha Temple or other temples, no matter their scale or location, the architectural layout follows certain rules. It is in a square shape, organized alongside the axial formed by the Entrance Hall, Tianwang Hall, Main Hall, Main Buddha Palace, Preaching Hall and depository of Buddhist books, precisely in symmetry. The construction back and front are connected in harmony. The beauty of Rock Buddha Temple can be found among the connection of pine and cypress, streaming creeks, palace and gallery. Wandering around this assorted combination, you can fell the unprecedented peace, harmony and elegance.